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endurance - detailed information



Endurance by definition is meant by the persistence of the organism resistance to fatigue and / or the rapid recovery after a loading capacity. The energy supply during endurance exercise is carried by the interaction of glucose metabolism and fat metabolism. With increasing load, the proportion of fat metabolism to the action, while the glucose metabolism is reduced.

Depending on the number of muscles involved, we distinguish between the general and local endurance endurance.

General Endurance:

under general endurance is defined as an interest of 1 / 7 to 1 / 6 of all muscles, they are often referred to as basic stamina!

Special Endurance:

special endurance relates less than 1 / 7 to the general musculature 1/6tel with one. The special endurance refers to sport-specific endurance, very similar to the local form of endurance.


From the point of muscular energy supply, a distinction further in aerobic and anaerobic endurance. If during the endurance exercise sufficient oxygen in the muscles If made available, it is called aerobic endurance.

Anaerobic Endurance:

will be delivered due to excessive training intensity too little oxygen in the cell, it is called anaerobic endurance (oxygen debt).

Depending on load time is also divided into Kurzeitausdauer `',` Mittelzeitausdauer'und `long-term endurance'

short-term endurance:

The short-term endurance refers to the endurance of a time period of 45sek to 2min, the provision of energy is mostly anaerobic.

Central Time endurance:

The mean time corresponds to a persistence length of 2-8min, the aerobic energy production is increasing.

long-term endurance:

Long-term endurance includes charges over 8min, the provision of energy is almost entirely aerobic.

Depending on the form of movement is still in `` dynamische'und statische'Ausdauer distinction.

Dynamic endurance:

dynamic endurance relates to endurance during exercise.

Static endurance:

however, only considered the static endurance held stamina, so without any movement!

Short-, medium-, long-term endurance under the aspect of time is divided into short, medium and long-term endurance. The short-term endurance includes loads of 45 seconds to 2 minutes with predominantly anaerobic energy supply. The middle term stamina is equivalent to a load of 2 to 8 minutes with increasing aerobic energy production. The long-term endurance includes charges over 8 minutes with almost exclusively aerobic energy supply. Dynamic and static endurance endurance:

The dynamic endurance refers to the ability of endurance in movement. The static endurance includes the stamina to hold exercises.

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28.01.2022, 07:52:45

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